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Frequent fights took place with the burggraves without, however, inflicting lasting damage upon the city.
After the castle had been destroyed by fire in 1420 during a feud between Count Frederick (since 1417 Margrave of Brandenburg ) and the Duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt, the ruins and the forest belonging to the castle were purchased by the city (1427), which thereby became master of all that lay within its boundaries.
Ecclesiastically speaking, Nuremberg belonged first to the Bishopric of Eichstätt, and from 1015 to that of Bamberg.
In place of the oldest chapel in Nuremberg, the Peterskapelle , a church was consecrated in 1070 to St.
The imperial castle had been ceded to the city by Emperor Sigismund in 1422, on condition that the imperial suite of rooms should be reserved for the emperor.
Through these and other acquisitions the city accumulated considerable territory.
The administration was entrusted to a council, presided over, since the middle of the thirteenth century, by the Reichsschultheiss .
Several diets took place in Nuremberg under Frederick Barbarossa , who built a splendid new imperial castle adjoining the old castle of the burggraves ( Burggrafen ).
Sebaldus; this was replaced by a new edifice in the thirteenth century.
The second church in importance was the Lorenzkirche , built about 1278.
The strained relations between the burggraves and the castellan finally broke into out open enmity, which greatly influenced the history of the city.
In 1219 Nuremberg became a free imperial city, when Frederick II presented it with a most important charter, freeing it from all authority excepting that of the emperor himself.